Facts About Lizards

Lizards are a family of reptiles, a group that spans most of the globe. They have over 7,000 species and are found on all continents except for Antarctica. They can also be found on most oceanic island chains. Learn more about lizards below! Learn the characteristics of lizards and their habits.



Lizards are a diverse group of squamate reptiles, with over 7,000 species worldwide. They occur on all continents, except Antarctica, and in most oceanic islands. They also occur in many habitats, including the ocean, land, and deserts. There are many different species, which makes them interesting to study.

The range of lizards is vast, ranging from mere centimeters and inches for chameleons and geckos to more than three meters for Komodo dragons. Although most of them are small in size, some have adhesive pads on their bodies that enable them to climb vertically. A bearded dragon bone is on display at the Museum of Osteology.

Lizards are valued subjects for research by biologists and ecologists, and they are easy to keep. They are also suitable for study by ethologists and comparative physiologists. Some species can regenerate broken tails, and many are able to regulate their body temperatures.

lizard body shape

There are several ways to estimate a lizard’s body shape. One method is to measure the available body volume. To do this, the researchers used a DXA scan. The study found that a lizard’s “available body space” correlated well with the “wet mass” and “body width size-corrected” body height of the same species.

The body shape of lizards is affected by fecundity and sexual selection. In some species, females are much longer than males, and females are larger than males. Interestingly, a female’s trunk length is positively affected by fecundity.

Similarly, the body shapes of lizards are affected by the habitat where they live. Lizards that live on twigs often have smaller tails and legs. These characteristics may make them more efficient when living among delicate vegetation.

lizard species

The number of lizard species in a particular region is controlled by several factors. One of these is climatic variability. This allows for many different plant life forms to coexist in the same area. Another factor is the length of the growing season. The diversity of plant life also influences the number of lizard species.

Lizards are part of the reptile family and are closely related to snakes. They lack legs, but have long necks and bodies. Some lizards resemble ancient reptiles that lived in the dinosaur age. Lizards also possess a range of antipredator adaptations, including venom and camouflage. Some species of lizards have horns or fringed bodies, which can help to hide from predators. There are currently over four thousand different species of lizard, including snakes and worm lizards.

lizard behaviors

To survive, lizards must have a variety of communication abilities. They need to be able to communicate with members of their own species, as well as with others. This includes communication associated with courtship and competing for resources. In addition, lizards use physical and behavioral traits as a form of communication. The ways these traits are used vary from species to species.

For example, male lizards have bright coloring on their bodies. This is done to attract females and to drive off rival males. This behavior is particularly important during the breeding season, when the males show off brightly to attract females. The bright coloring shows that the male lizard is healthy, and it helps distinguish them from sick males.

lizard life cycle

A lizard’s life cycle is complex. It may include several stages in the process of reproduction. During the first stage, eggs carried by larger lizards are laid, and the larva develops in the eggs. The eggs are ingested by an arthropod intermediate host. The third stage occurs after the larva develops on the gut of the intermediate host. The final stage involves engorgement by the final host.

Lizards have been around for hundreds of millions of years, and they have survived multiple mass extinction events. Nonavian dinosaurs were wiped out by an asteroid about 66 million years ago, but avian dinosaurs were spared. In fact, lizards likely predate dinosaurs, which first emerged 230 million years ago.