Driving Skills You Need to Have

When it comes to driving, there are certain skills that you need to have. These can help you stay safe on the road and avoid a lot of trouble with the law.


One of these skills is knowing how to keep your hands on the wheel at all times, especially in the 9 and 3 o’clock positions. This can help you maintain control of the vehicle in case something goes wrong and it can save your life.


If you’re a driver, you need to make sure you stay safe on the road. This is important because it will help to prevent injuries and fatalities on the roadways.

Fortunately, there are many driving skills that you can use to ensure your safety while on the road. This includes learning to drive defensively, which will help you avoid potential accidents and save you money in the long run.

Being a defensive driver is a skill that can be learned and developed over time. It involves knowing how to read other drivers’ actions and reactions so that you can respond quickly to their changes on the road. This can include double checking blind spots, taking note of other cars entering your lane, and avoiding erratic drivers.

Another key defensive driver skill is to keep a good following distance, especially on the highway. This means that you should try to leave at least a two-second gap between your vehicle and the one in front of you. This can be particularly useful on busy highways where there are large trucks and motorcycles.

This also applies to poor weather conditions, such as rain or fog, which can reduce your visibility on the road. By giving yourself a bit more space than you would under ideal conditions, you will be able to react to changing weather conditions and avoid an accident.

You should also scan the road 20 to 30 seconds ahead of you so that you can identify potential hazards before they happen. This will keep you from being surprised and allow you to drive smoothly and avoid sudden stops and hard braking, which can damage your vehicle and cause an accident.

It is also important to be aware of the vehicles around you, as well as pedestrians and bicyclists. This will help to ensure that you don’t hit any vehicles that could be a danger to you or your passengers.

Keeping your vehicle in good condition is also important for safety. This can be done by ensuring that your vehicle has regular maintenance, including oil changes and brake inspections.


Communicating with other road users is essential in order to keep the flow of traffic safe and unimpeded. This can be done using a variety of communication methods, including hand signals, horns, and signal lights.

Drivers often use hand signals for things such as changing lanes, accelerating, and stopping in the event of a collision. They also use signals to indicate that they are going to turn.

When driving, it is important to use turn signals at any time that you are making a lane change or entering an unfamiliar road. It is also important to use your brake light, if you are braking, as a way of communicating to other drivers that you are braking.

Another important communication skill is to communicate with other road users when you are parking or idling in a lane. This can be especially dangerous when there is not enough room in the lane for your vehicle to pass the parked or idling vehicle without crossing into oncoming traffic.

Similarly, when an ambulance or police car needs to use their sirens to draw attention to themselves, they need to communicate this to other road users by honking or flashing their lights. This obligates all other vehicles to stop, cede right of way at an intersection, or move aside to create a rescue lane.

These signals can be difficult for other road users to interpret, especially if they are not looking in the direction of the emergency response vehicles. This can cause a lot of frustration for the driver, who is trying to convey their intent to other drivers.

It is also important to use the horn and signal lights when a pedestrian crosses the road. This will make the driver aware of the pedestrian’s intentions and can help avoid accidents.

All these communication skills are important to driving safely and efficiently, and they can be taught and mastered through practice. There are many resources available to teach these skills, including books and courses. However, it is important to note that it takes time and effort to improve these skills.

Situational Awareness

Situational awareness (SA) is a skill that allows you to see and understand the surrounding environment, including people, cars, and other vehicles. You’ll be more alert to what’s going on around you, allowing you to be safer and make better decisions when driving.

Developing and maintaining situational awareness is an important skill for all drivers, especially those in high-risk environments. It’s also a skill that helps employees in the workplace notice hazards before they become hazardous situations and take steps to counteract them.

The ability to stay aware while you’re driving can help you prevent accidents and slowdowns. For example, if you notice a pedestrian stepping off the curb, you’ll have enough time to avoid getting into an accident with another car.

You’ll also be able to anticipate when a slowdown might bring traffic to a screeching halt and make sure to give yourself enough space in front of oncoming cars to safely swerve out of their way. Having good SA can also improve your decision making skills by helping you spot potential risks and give smart instructions when necessary.

A lack of situational awareness can be caused by a variety of factors, such as cognitive states and distractions. In particular, driving on a motorway can induce an unfamiliar situation state and insufficient mental resources that can lead to an inaccurate perception of the road conditions or an inability to make a proper decision.

For these reasons, new guidelines recommend that SA aiding systems present information in a manner that is appropriate for each cognitive state. This involves presenting situation information which covers a broad range of situations, but focuses on those that are most important.

Additionally, when a driver perceives situational information, it is important that it is processed in a way that supports direct perception. This means that the information should be presented to the driver in a way that provides a detailed view of the situation without interfering with the primary task or delaying the transfer of information.

The research we performed focused on four cognitive states and how each state affects the ability of a driver to perceive and understand situational information, which is crucial for safe driving. We designed two driving scenarios and four conditions, which were used to measure a driver’s level of situational awareness and their decision-making style.

Vehicle Maintenance

Keeping a vehicle in good working order is essential for safety, comfort and resale value. Performing regular maintenance at recommended intervals will help prevent big issues from arising and catch small problems before they become bigger, more expensive ones.

A little squeaky noise from under the hood, a puddle of fluid in the parking lot or a less than cool air conditioner are all signals that something needs attention. However, most people don’t notice these things until they need to fix them, which can lead to more costly repairs later on.

This is why it’s important to keep a set of basic automotive tools in your car at all times. That way, you can address any problems that come up in a pinch and not have to worry about rushing to a repair shop.

It also helps to follow the service schedule described in your owner’s manual. This will tell you when and how often to perform various services, including oil changes, fluid replacements and other routine procedures.

You can also check the maintenance schedule of your local auto shop and follow their advice. This will ensure your car remains in great running shape and is ready for a long life ahead of it.

If you’re an experienced driver, you might be able to do some of your own vehicle maintenance. Some tasks, such as changing the oil or topping off the fluids, are easy to do yourself, while others are more advanced and can only be done by a professional mechanic.

In addition to following the service schedule in your vehicle’s owner’s manual, it’s also helpful to consult with a certified technician during your next maintenance appointment about what items to examine more closely. If you’re a high-mileage driver, for example, you might need more frequent service than someone who only uses their car to go to work and take their kids to school.

In addition to preventing major breakdowns and emergencies, maintaining your vehicle will extend its lifespan and add to its resale value when you’re ready to upgrade or sell it. Getting your vehicle checked regularly will also save you time and money in the long run.